Kunz, T. H., & Whitaker Jr, J. O. (1983). An evaluation of fecal analysis for determining food habits of insectivorous bats. Canadian Journal of Zoology61(6), 1317-1321. 

Bogdanowicz, W., Fenton, M. B., & Daleszczyk, K. (1999). The relationships between echolocation calls, morphology and diet in insectivorous bats. Journal of Zoology247(03), 381-393.

Barclay RMR, Brigham RM (1991) Prey detection, dietary niche breadth, and body size in bats: Why are aerial insectivorous bats so small? Am Nat 137: 693-703. doi:10.1086/285188



Species specific publications 



Species Publication
Nyctalus noctula TAAKE, K. (1996). Beutetiere westfälischer Abendsegler (Nyctalus noctula). Myotis, Bonn 34: 121, 122.
  KAŇUCH, P., JANEČKOVÁ, K., & KRIŠTÍN, A. (2005). Winter diet of the noctule bat Nyctalus noctula. Folia Zool, 54(1-2), 53-60.
Myotis dasycneme Krüger, F. and Sommer, R. (2009): Feeding ecology and hunting behaviour of the pond bat (Myotis dasycneme). Mammalian Biology 74 (Suppl.):S. 16-17.
Eptesicus serotinus Robinson, M. F., & Stebbings, R. E. (1993). Food of the serotine bat, Eptesicus serotinus—is faecal analysis a valid qualitative and quantitative technique?. Journal of Zoology, 231(2), 239-248
  Kervyn, T., & Libois, R. (2008). The diet of the serotine bat: A Comparison between rural and urban environments. Belgian Journal of Zoology, 138(1).
Myotis emarginatus Kervyn, T., Godin, M. C., Jocqué, R., Grootaert, P., & Libois, R. (2012). Web-building spiders and blood-feeding flies as prey of the notch-eared bat (Myotis emarginatus). Belgian Journal of Zoology, 142(1).
Myotis myotis Zahn, A., Rottenwallner, A., & Güttinger, R. (2006). Population density of the greater mouse‐eared bat (Myotis myotis), local diet composition and availability of foraging habitats. Journal of Zoology, 269(4), 486-493.

Avoidanding bats, listening to echolocation 

  • Surlykke, A., Filskov, M., Fullard, J. H., & Forrest, E. (1999). Auditory relationships to size in noctuid moths: bigger is better. Naturwissenschaften, 86(5), 238-241.
  • Miller, L. A. (1975). The behaviour of flying green lacewings,< i> Chrysopa carnea</i>, in the presence of ultrasound. Journal of Insect Physiology, 21(1), 205-219.
  • Surlykke, A. (1988). Interaction between echolocating bats and their prey. In Animal sonar (pp. 551-566). Springer US.
  • Ratcliffe, J. M., & Fullard, J. H. (2005). The adaptive function of tiger moth clicks against echolocating bats: an experimental and synthetic approach. Journal of Experimental Biology, 208(24), 4689-4698.
  • Miller, L. A., & Surlykke, A. (2001). How Some Insects Detect and Avoid Being Eaten by Bats: Tactics and Countertactics of Prey and Predator Evolutionarily speaking, insects have responded to selective pressure from bats with new evasive mechanisms, and t

General publications


  • LoS ONE [1932-6203] / Bohmann yr:2011 vol:6 iss:6 pg:e21441
  • Boyles, J. G., & Storm, J. J. (2007). The perils of picky eating: dietary breadth is related to extinction risk in insectivorous bats. PLoS One, 2(7), e672.
  • Arlettaz, R., Godat, S., & Meyer, H. (2000). Competition for food by expanding pipistrelle bat populations (< i> Pipistrellus pipistrellus</i>) might contribute to the decline of lesser horseshoe bats (< i> Rhinolophus hipposideros</i>). Biological Conser
  • McCracken, G. F., Westbrook, J. K., Brown, V. A., Eldridge, M., Federico, P., & Kunz, T. H. (2012). Bats track and exploit changes in insect pest populations. PloS one, 7(8), e43839.
  • Cleveland, C. J., Betke, M., Federico, P., Frank, J. D., Hallam, T. G., Horn, J., ... & Kunz, T. H. (2006). Economic value of the pest control service provided by Brazilian free-tailed bats in south-central Texas. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment,
  • Gonsalves, L., Bicknell, B., Law, B., Webb, C., & Monamy, V. (2013). Mosquito Consumption by Insectivorous Bats: Does Size Matter?. PloS one, 8(10), e77183.
  • Siemers, B. M., & Schnitzler, H. U. (2004). Echolocation signals reflect niche differentiation in five sympatric congeneric bat species. Nature, 429(6992), 657-661.
  • Fraser, E. E., & Fenton, M. B. (2007). Age and food hardness affect food handling by insectivorous bats. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 85(9), 985-993.
  • Fukui, D. A. I., Murakami, M., Nakano, S., & Aoi, T. (2006). Effect of emergent aquatic insects on bat foraging in a riparian forest. Journal of Animal Ecology, 75(6), 1252-1258.